Observation, conceptualized as a pedagogy of listening to the child in the Reggio Emilia Approach, is accepted as the basis of the approach. Observation and Documentation are assigned many functions.

"To see the child, to structure the learning process and to continue without losing the child and curiosity, to share the process with families, children and colleagues, to analyze by examining the sections in the process and to use these inferences to feed the child and the process again..."